NPY Lands


Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands are located in Australia’s western desert region and are home to Indigenous people (Anangu and Yarnangu).

It includes the cross-border region of South Australia, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. There are 26 desert communities and homelands, spread over 350,000 square kilometres.

According to the 2016 ABS Census:

  • 6,036 people live in the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands, of which 3,652 (61%) identified as Indigenous
  • 34% of Indigenous 20-24 year olds have completed Year 12 schooling or equivalent compared to 89% of the non-Indigenous population
  • 30% of the Indigenous workforce age population are employed full time compared to 85% for the non-Indigenous population