Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands are located in Australia’s western desert region and are home to around 5,000 Indigenous people (Anangu and Yarnangu).
It includes the cross-border region of South Australia, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. There are 26 desert communities and homelands, spread over 350,000 square kilometres.
According to the ABS Census:
- 7,218 people live in the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands, of which 5,276 (73%) identified as Indigenous (2016)
- 49% of Indigenous people aged over 15 years have completed Year 12 schooling (or equivalent) compared to 79.3%% of the non-Indigenous population (2016)
- 17.2%% of the Indigenous workforce age population are unemployed compared to 5% for the non-Indigenous population (2011 – 2016 disaggregated data not yet available)