Central Australia encompasses areas in and around Mparntwe (Alice Springs) and the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankuntjatjara (NPY) Lands.
Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands are located in Australia’s western desert region and are home to Anangu and Yarnangu Indigenous people. The NPY Lands encompass the cross-border region of South Australia, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. There are 26 desert communities and homelands, spread over 350,000 square kilometres. Tjukurpa (Aboriginal law, culture and beliefs) remains very strong in this region; it provides a binding historical, cultural, familial and linguistic connection across the NPY Lands, uniting Indigenous people from this area with one another and with the land.
Jawun commenced operations in Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands in August 2014, and expanded operations to include organisations servicing Alice Springs and surrounding areas in July 2019.
According to the 2016 ABS Census:
- 6,036 people live in the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands, of which 3,652 (61%) identified as Indigenous
- 34% of Indigenous 20-24 year olds have completed Year 12 schooling or equivalent compared to 89% of the non-Indigenous population
- 30% of the Indigenous workforce age population are employed full time compared to 85% for the non-Indigenous population