Far West Coast

Overview

Ceduna Koonibba Aboriginal Health Service Aboriginal Corporation (CKAHSAC) is a non-profit Community Controlled Aboriginal Health Service that was first established in 1978 as the Ceduna Koonibba Aboriginal Health Service Inc. to provide culturally appropriate services, preventative care, education programs and a clinical service to the Aboriginal community.

Oak Valley, in Far West of South Australia, is a community established by the Southern Pitjantjatjara (referred to as Anangu) on Maralinga Tjarutja lands. The British government conducted nuclear weapon testing in the 1950s with the support of the Australian Government. Following negotiations with governments and the land rights legislation in the 1980s, Anangu established themselves on the Maralinga land at the Oak Valley community starting in 1985. The population, which fluctuates significantly and is usually approximately 100, comprises Traditional Owners moving regularly between Yalata and Tjuntjuntjara across the border in Western Australia and communities on the APY lands to the north. Community members have a strong traditional culture and ties to country, with English being a second language

The Scotdesco homeland property, ‘Tjilkaba’ is approximately 10,000 hectares in area and is used predominantly for farming, housing and cultural activities (such as hunting). The community comprises approximately 80 persons. The people are Wirangu with links to Kokatha and Mirning families and cultures.

Yalata is located on the traditional land of the coastal peoples, 140 kilometres south of Ooldea on the edge of the Nullarbor Plain. It is approximately 200 kilometres west of Ceduna and 2 kilometres off the main highway. Today Yalata population was given as 294 in the 2011 Census. The people of Yalata community are the descendants of Pitjantjatjara Anangu desert people brought to Yalata Mission from their traditional lands to the north and northwest when the Australian and British Governments decided to use their lands for testing atomic bombs

Koonibba is one of the oldest Aboriginal communities in South Australia. It was originally established as a Lutheran Mission in 1901 and handed over to Government control in 1963. The 2011 Census listed 142 people residing at Koonibba.  Koonibba is located about 35 kilometres west of Ceduna and 5 kilometres off the main highway.  The local Aboriginal people predominantly speak English as their working language, but their endangered local Aboriginal languages of Wirangu, Mirning and Kokotha are currently being preserved and revived within the community.