Cape York is on the northern tip of Queensland and encompasses all of the area north of Cairns. There are 17 Indigenous communities in Cape York.
Cape York is also home to Noel Pearson and the birthplace of Jawun. Here Jawun works side by side with Cape York Indigenous organisations and leaders.
According to the 2011 ABS Census:
- 15,420 people live in Cape York, of which 8,565 (56%) identified as Indigenous
- The median age of Indigenous people is 23 years compared to 37 years for the non-Indigenous population
- 37% of Indigenous 20–24 year olds complete Year 12 or equivalent compared to 63% for the non-Indigenous population
- 41% of the Indigenous workforce-age population are employed compared to 72% for the non-Indigenous population
Noel Pearson’s paper ‘Our Right to Take Responsibility’, published in 2000, set the early agenda for Cape York as well as Jawun itself. In 2005, Noel Pearson’s ‘Cape York Agenda’ became the new foundation for much of the work in the region, including the Cape York Welfare Reform program.
- Rebuilding of norms
- Reform of incentives
- Normalisation of housing
- A retreat of government from the domain of individual responsibility